The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) applies to children across the world. Rare disease can also impact any child or family regardless of their race, social status, abilities, or family history.

Even though each rare disease only affects a small number of people (often defined as one person in 2000), there are many rare diseases which means that across the world there is a huge number of people affected. Some estimates indicate that 6% and 10% of the population have a rare disease, and there is estimated to be 63,000 children living with rare diseases in Western Australia alone.

The total number of people affected by rare disease creates a global and universal health issue.

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